The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, established in 1937, is a progressive museum for modern art that is in New York City's Upper East Side. Several museums have been started by the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, however, this one in New York is the most well known, and many times is just called The Guggenheim. It is the most recognized museum in the city of New York.
In the beginning it was named "The Museum of Non-Objective Painting," and was designed to display modern art by artists such as Rudolf Bauer, Hilla Rebay, Wassily Kandinsky and Piet Mondrian. Frank Lloyd Wright's architectual design for the building was finished in 1959, and the location was moved to 89th Street and Fifth Avenue and overlooks Central Park.
This structure was Frank Lloyd Wright's final project in his significant body of work. Unfortunately it created much controversy when it was finished, although it is more appreciated now. The building is like a white ribbon that curves around a circle going from smaller at the base to wider at the top. It definitely is different from the other buildings in the area.
On the inside the art is shown on the walls as they circle up the building. There are also rooms along the way for other paintings. The criticism centered on the fact that the paintings could not be displayed properly due to the circular walls, and that many paintings do not have natural light.
Following an interior restoration that took three years, the museum opened again in 1992 with an eight-story retangular addition to hold more artwork. The Guggenheim Museum SoHo also opens in 1992 and holds smaller, but important exhibitions.
Maps of Famous Landmarks
In 1997 The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao opens as a great accomplishment. The programs are originally displayed at the New York Guggenheim, and at other internationally important museums. The Deutsche Guggenheim in Berlin opens in 1997 as well. This small museum is a special agreement with the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation and Deutsche Bank. It is funded by the German corporation, and the museum's purpose is to have prominate new artworks by current artists that will then be included in the Guggenheim collection.