Crater Lake is 100 miles east of the Pacific coast in the Southern part of Oregan. It lies within a caldera which is a volcanic crater. The area was created as a result of a massive eruption that deteriorated Mount Mazama over 7,000 years ago. It is the only National Park located in Oregon. Over 388,000 visitors come to the park each year.
Crater Lake has been an inspiration for everyone who has visited there for over a hundred years.The combination of a deep blue crystal-clear lake with two scenic islands; radical cliffs all around that are over two thousand feet tall makes it like no other place on this planet. As well as a land of eternal beauty, it is also an open-air lab and school room.
Maps of Famous Landmarks
Crater Lake National Park
The lake is replenished with water by large accumulations of over 500 inches of snow during the winter months. Crater Lake is over 1900 feet deep making it the seventh deepest on the earth and the deepest in th U.S. It maintains its depth through evaporation and from water leaking into the ground.
Inside the park there are numerous trails for walking or hiking, and campgrounds. Visitors can fish without a license, and there is no limit on what can be caught. It is thought that there were not fish to begin with, so the lake has been stocked with Kokanee Salmon and Rainbow Trout. Those who come to the lake in summer can swim and take boat tours. The lake is accessed from a trail called Cleatwood Trail.
The Rim Drive offers a road with many places for observation. It is 33 miles long and 3800 feet high.
Mt. Scott at 8929 feet is the highest area in the park. It is accessed from a steep 2.5 mile hiking trail. The visibility from the top is over 100 miles which is all of the caldera as well as the High Cascade volcano (to the north), the Columbia River Plateau (to theeast) and the Western Cascades and the farther Klamath Mountains (to the west).
All of Crater Lake's features are reachable in the summer. Fall, winter and spring brings road and trail closures due to heavy snows, including the Rim Drive which is usually open from July to October.
The climate conditions are a striking part of this National Park. Winter shapes the views with snows that starts during October and are still on the gound in most of the areas until the next June. In the summer the weather is more dependable with dry days that are comfortable, clear skies and chilly nights. However, there may be times when clouds and fog hide the lake. People who travel to the park should be well-prepared for changing weather.