The San Fransico area was settled by the Spanish in 1976 and created a fort and mission near where the Golden Gate is today. When Mexico was declared independent from Spain in 1821, this settlement became part of Mexico. By 1835 an Englishman, William Richardson, started to homestead near the Mission Dolores that was close to the harbor. They soon expanded and named the area Yerba Buena and brought other American settlers. Commodore John D. Sloat said that California was part of the United States on July 7, 1846, during the Mexican-American War, and Captain John B. Montgomery came to claim Yerba Buena two days later. Yerba Buena was renamed San Francisco the next year.
In spite of its great location as a port and naval base, San Francisco still stayed a small settlement with rough land. The Gold Rush in 1848 caused the area to grow in population from 1,000 to 25,000 by 1849. In September 9, 1850 California was made a state to establish civilian government. In 1906 an earthquake and fire destroyed the city, but it was rebuilt very quickly.
Maps of Famous Landmarks
Map Of San Francisco
Today the City and County of San Francisco is the fourth most populated city in California and the 14th in the U.S. with a 2007 estimated population of 764,976. San Francisco is part of San Francisco Bay Area, in which almost 7.2 million people reside. The city is located at the top of the San Francisco Peninsula, with the Pacific Ocean to the west, San Francisco Bay to the east, and the Golden Gate to the north.
San Francisco is a popular national international tourist destination known for its steep rolling hills, a mix of Victorian and modern architecture, and famous landmarks, including the Golden Gate Bridge, Alcatraz Island, the cable cars, Coit Tower, and Chinatown. The city is also known for its diverse, cosmopolitan population.
The combination of cold Pacific water and the high heat of the mainland cause the city's fog that can cover the western half of the city all day long in the spring and early summer. The fog is not as prominate in eastern areas of the city, in the warm months in the late summer and the fall. Due to its hilly land and sea influences, San Francisco has many different smaller areas of weather. The higher hills in the middle of the city are responsible for a 20% change in yearly rainfall between different parts of the city. They also provide protection for neighborhoods to their east from the fog and cooler weather that is in the Sunset District. San Francisco is sunnier for those on the eastern side of the city. San Francisco is sunny, with about 260 of clear days, and only 105 cloudy days per year.