A Puritan colony from England started the city of Boston in the Commonwealth of Massachusettson on September 17, 1630. During the late 1700's Boston was the site of a few major events in the American Revolution, to include the Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea Party. Several early battles of the American Revolution, such as the Battle of Bunker Hill and the Siege of Boston, happened inside the city and the areas surrounding it. After American independence was reached, Boston became a major port and business center, and due to its history now has 16.3 million visitors a year.
The city was the location of several firsts, including America's first public school, Boston Latin School (1635),and first college, Harvard College (1636), in nearby Cambridge. Boston was also the home of the first subway system in the United States.
Boston is the capital and largest city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The largest city in New England, Boston is considered the economic and cultural center of the entire New England region. Boston had an estimated population of 590,763 in 2006, and lies in the middle of the Cambridge-Boston-Quincy metropolitan area, the 11th largest metropolitan area, with a population of 4.4 million people.
With reclamation of land and annexating other areas, Boston has grown beyond the peninsula. It has quite a few colleges and universities inside the city and the areas around. Boston is a center for higher education and a center for health care. The city's living standard is also based on research, finance, and technology, mainly biotechnology. Boston quality of life has increased, so therefore it has experienced one of the highest costs of living in the United States.
Maps of Famous Landmarks
Boston has a continental climate that is very common in the New England area, with constant wind patterns that come in off the Atlantic ocean, to keep the influence of the Atlantic Ocean at a minimum. Summers are usually hot and humid, while winters are cold, windy and have a lot of snow.
The city has almost 42 inches (108 cm) of precipitation a year, with 40.9 in (104 cm) of snow. Snowfall is greatly increased inland away from Boston and the warming effect of the sea. Most snowfall occurs December through March, typically with little or no snow in April and November and rare snowfalls in May and October.
Boston's seaside location on the North Atlantic, though it keeps temperatures mild, also makes the city susceptible to Nor'easter weather that can cause a lot of snow and rain. Fog is common, especially in spring and early summer, and sometimes a tropical storm or hurricane can encroach on the region, usually in early fall.